Sea Explorer Logo, 1971-98Sea Exploring (1966-98)
Sea Exploring Logo, 1959-71
Overview
When National revised the Explorer program and created the Exploring program in 1959, it purposely left the Sea Explorer program alone to see how it operated along side the new Exploring program.  In 1965, they decided to make some changes to Sea Exploring, as embodied in a new edition of the Sea Exploring Manual.  This rollout was originally planned for October 15, 1965, but was later extended to March 15, 1966.

With the establishment of the Exploring Division in 1969, William Lidderdale was named the first Director of Sea Exploring since 1935. Also in 1969, Sea Explorers would allow girls, usually Mariner Girl Scouts, to participate as guests with Sea Explorer Ships.  In 1971, with the rest of the new Exploring program, Sea Explorers would go fully co-ed.

New Logo
In addition to the traditional Sea Scout logo of the First Class badge on the anchor, a second Sea Explorer logo was created in 1971: the Explorer Big E on an anchor, which is shown above.  This logo was mainly used by Sea Exploring units following non-traditional programs.

New Program
The program of Sea Exploring was basically the same, but added features of the new Exploring program.  Or more precisely, expanded the scope of the "Sea Exploring" program.  This was done by having units fall with three divisions or fleets: Blue, White, and Red.

The Blue Division/Fleet would be composed of those Sea Explorer units that follow the traditional Sea Scout program in place since the 1920s.  These units would most likely still call themselves "Sea Scout Ships" or "Sea Explorer Ships", use the traditional advancement program and naval style uniforms.

The White Division/Fleet would be composed of those Sea Explorer units that don't quite follow the tradition program.  They would probably have a sailing or powerboat emphases and be chartered to local sailing or yacht clubs, but may not bother with the traditional advancement program or the full naval style uniforms.  The alternate advancement program of Small-Boat Handler and Qualified Seaman would be more appealing to these units.  They would probably not call themselves "Sea Scout Ships", and may not even use the term "Sea Explorer Ships".

The Red Division/Fleet would be composed of all other types of Explorer units with some aquatice/natical/ocean-based program.  These units would probably a program emphasis in the area of scuba diving, oceanography, water skiing, and the like.  They would probably not bother with any formal type of uniform, and even the Qualified Seaman and Small-Boat Handler advancement program would not be of interest.  They would probably not even call their unit a "Sea Explorer Ship" but a "Sea Explorer Post" or just an "Explorer Post".

National Sea Scout Events

The National Sailing Championships began in 1966.  They were held each year until atleast the early 1990s.  Anyone know how long they lasted?  I had assumed the last was around 1986, as National has stopped all the various National Explorer events to have only one, but later found out they ran atleast until the early 90s.
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972 Ft. Worth, TX
1973 San Diego, CA
1974 Rye, NY
1975 Chicago, IL
1976 New Orleans, LA
1977 Long Beach, CA
1978 Chesapeake Bay
1979 Cleveland, OH
1980 ??
1981 ??
1982 Florida Sea Base
1983 Ohio State University
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991 Patuxent Naval Air Station, Maryland
1992 Patuxent Naval Air Station, Maryland
others??
 
 

Sea Explorers at the National Jamboree

1985- Exist?

1989 National Jamboree Sea Explorer Exhibit Staff

1993 National Jamboree Sea Explorer Exhibit Staff

1997 Jamboree Sea Scout Ship

Am I missing any other patches for the Sea Explorer Exhibits at the National Jamborees??

Uniform
For those units who still followed the traditional "Sea Scout" program, they could choose to continue to wear the traditional sea scout uniforms.  For youth, they continued with the white and navy ‘crackerjack’ uniform.  In the 60s, the white summer uniform was added for adults.  For those units who did not follow the traditional program, they could choose the uniform that best suited them.  This followed the idea of the "Distinct Dress Identity" used throughout Exploring.

In the 1980s, the available uniforms were changed.  For youth, the options were a navy crackerjack, white summer uniform (like what the adults had worn), and dungaree work uniform.  For adults, the options were the navy dress uniform, a summer tan uniform, and a navy blue work uniform.

Advancement Program
In addition to the traditional advancement program of Apprentice-Ordinary-Able-Quartermaster, an "alternate" advancement program was created.  This program was intended for Sea Explorers and units that were not interested in the traditional program.  It consisted of the Small-Boat Handler and Qualified Seaman badges.  Small-Boat Handler was earned by completing 3 (later 2) 2-hour training sessions: Aids to Navigation & Rules of the Road, and Boating Safety.  Qualified Seaman was earned by completing the following 8 2-hour sessions:

  1. Aids to Navigation
  2. Rules of the Road
  3. Seamanship
  4. Accident Prevention- Safety
  5. Piloting- Compass & errors
  6. Piloting- Charting
  7. Safe Boat Operation
  8. Operating a Boat

To see the requirements for the traditional award of Apprentice-Ordinary-Able-Quartermaster, go HERE.
 

Alternate Advancement Program

Small-Boat Handler badge, SE-63

Qualified Seaman badge, SE-62


 

Traditional Sea Explorer Advancement

Apprentice Sea Explorer, SE-29

Ordinary Sea Explorer, SE-30

Able Sea Explorer, SE-31

Quartermaster Sea Explorer, SE-19

Quartermaster Medal, until 1979, SE-32

Quartermaster Medal, 1980-95, SE-32

Quartermaster Medal, 1995-97

Quatermaster Medal, 1997-on

Quatermaster Lapel Pin, until 1993, SE-34

Quatermaster Lapel Pin, 1995-, SE-34

Quartermaster Knot, SE-35Quartermaster Knot, SE-36Quartermaster Knot, SE-37

 

Unit Organization
Units following the traditional Sea Scout program would continue to use the traditional organization.  Some new positions were created, those of Purser, Storekeeper, Specialist, and the short lived Cabinet Officer and Representative, for those involved with the District Explorer Cabinets.  Those units in the White and Red Fleets would follow more standard Explorer unit organization.  The following table shows the comparison.
 
 

Sea Explorer/Explorer Comparison

Sea Scout or Sea Explorer

Explorer

Sea Scout Ship or Sea Explorer Ship

Explorer Post

Skipper

Advisor

Mate

Assistant Advisor

Boatswain

President

Boatswain's Mate

Vice President

Yeoman

Secretary

Purser

Treasurer

Storekeeper

Quartermaster

Crew Leader

NO EQUIVALENT


 

Sea Explorer Ship Officer Insignia

Ship Committee Chair patch, SE-21

Ship Committee, SE-24

Skipper, SE-14

Mate, SE-13

Boatswain, SE-12

Boatswain's Mate, SE-11

Coxswain (Crew Leader), SE-10

Coxswain's Mate (Assistant Crew Leader), SE-09

Yeoman, SE-18

Purser, SE-17

Storekeeper, SE-20

Bugler, SE-15

Specialist, SE-16

Cabinet Officer, E-69

Representative, SE-71

 

Council/Regional/National Organization
The structure of committees developed at the Council, Regional, and National Levels continued.  See the Sea Scout page for 1924 for pictures of their office insignia.  For some reason, the Area [Task Force] insignia was dropped.

National Sea Explorer Committee, 1978-85

Miscellaneous
National would continue the use of "Standard Explorer Unit" awards for Sea Explorer Ships.  No longer could Explorer Posts earn it.  In 1990, the idea of National, Regional, and Local levels were dropped.  Now there would be only the Standard Explorer Unit.
 
 

Standard Explorer Unit

Local Standard Explorer Unit, until 1990

Regional Standard Explorer Unit, until 1990

National Standard Explorer Unit, until 1990

Standard Explorer Unit, 1991-98

Sea Explorers would continue to have the "Long Cruise".  This was for a shipboard trip of at least a week in duration.  Special patches were issues, along with arcs for additional Long Cruises.  Red arcs for additional Long Cruises, white for 5 additional Long Cruises.
 
 

Long Cruise

Long Cruise on blue, SE-49

Long Cruise on white, SE-50

Arcs
NO PICTURES


 

Literature
The new Sea Exploring program was embodied in the new 8th edition of the Sea Exploring Manual, which was supposed to come out in 1965.  A ninth edition came out in the late 80s.

In the early 70s, a new Skipper's Handbook was produced.  It didn't last long.

For the new alternate advancement program of Small Boat Handler and Qualified Seaman, Instructor Guides and Workbooks were produced in the 60s.  Not sure how long they were kept in print.
 

Literature

Sea Exploring Manual (8th Edition) (#3239)
 1     1966, Apr      30000
 2     1966, Aug 
 3     1970, Feb       9000
 4     1972, Jan        7000
 5     1973, Aug      7000 (also in hardback)
 6     1976, Jun        4000
 7     1977, Sep       5000
 8     1985 

paperback, 442pg

Sea Exploring Manual (9th Edition) (#3239)
 1     1987 
 2     1997      [new cover]

paperback, ~270pg

Sea Exploring Manual, 9th EditionSea Exploring Manual, 9th edition, new cover

Safe-Boating Instructor's Guide (#6662)
 1966

Safe-Boating Workbook (#6663??) exist??

NO PICTURE

Advanced Seamanship Instructor's Guide (#6660)
  1966   6M466   36pg

Advanced Seamanship Workbook (#6661)
  1966   15M466   53pg

Handbook for Skippers (#3233)
3rd Edition
 1st     1971,Aug     10000
 

paperback, written by Arthur Lindgren


 

Statistics

year

membership

units

Quartermaster awards

1966

18210

1187

82

1967

18226

1215

74

1968

18064

1241

79

1969

?

?

92

1970

?

?

119

1971

?

?

?

1972

?

?

?

1973

?

?

?

1974

?

?

?

1975

?

?

61

1976

?

?

?

1977

?

?

?

1978

?

?

?

1979

?

?

?

1980

?

?

?

1981

?

?

?

1982

?

?

?

1983

?

?

?

1984

?

?

?

1985

?

?

?

1986

?

?

?

1987

?

?

?

1988

?

?

19

1989

?

?

?

1990

?

?

?

1991

?

?

?

1992

?

?

?

1993

?

?

?

1994

?

?

?

1995

?

?

?

1996

?

?

?

1997

?

?

?

1998

?

?

?

Statistics taken from BSA Annual Reports to Congress

Updated: 09/10/2008mrb